The following are conduct guidelines to be followed during the playing of the U.S. national anthem. They are published in the United States Code of Law:

36 U.S. Code § 301 - National anthem

(a) Designation.—
The composition consisting of the words and music known as the Star-Spangled Banner is the national anthem.

(b) Conduct During Playing.—During a rendition of the national anthem—

_____(1) when the flag is displayed—

_____________(A) individuals in uniform should give the military salute at the first note of the anthem and maintain that position until the last note;

_____________(B) members of the Armed Forces and veterans who are present but not in uniform may render the military salute in the manner provided for individuals in uniform; and

_____________(C) all other persons present should face the flag and stand at attention with their right hand over the heart, and men not in uniform, if applicable, should remove their headdress with their right hand and hold it at the left shoulder, the hand being over the heart; and

_____(2) when the flag is not displayed, all present should face toward the music and act in the same manner they would if the flag were displayed.

The school where I teach plays the national anthem at the beginning of every school day. My classroom doesn’t have a physical flag, so I project a digital flag instead.

Star Spangled Banner

/ embedded practice / public engagement / habitual activities